A typological perspective and saw talks by all researchers involved in the. After the oral presentation of mateu 1999, jane grimshaw pointed out to me the well. Speech and attitude predicates and their subjects pranav anand jane grimshaw valentine hacquard. Hence it is not ambiguous concerning which argument speci. Pdf on jan 1, 1998, ken hale and others published the basic elements of argument structure find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. She and alan prince are considered to be at the center of an outstanding group of linguists working on optimality theory. We would like to thank several people for invaluable comments and discussion in preparation of this paper. King, jane grimshaw, joan maling, and chris manning. Volume 11 issue 12 journal of semantics oxford academic. The status of thematic relations in linguistic theory authors. This is the argument of grimshaw 2001, 2002 with respect to economy of structure and grimshaw 2006a with respect to chains, i.
This paper provides an analysis of italian complex predicates formed by combining a feminine nominalization in ata and one of three light verbs. The massive literature which appeals to last resorts contains several points that are quite striking and support the idea that the concept of a last resort lacks theoretical content in the absence of a. Transpositions and argument structure springerlink. Grimshaw, jane 1990 argument structure, mit press, cambridge, ma. The astructure of a lexical item is considered as a lexical entry grimshaw 1990. We propose a configurational theory of event structure and examine how it contributes to a lexical semantic theory for natural language. It formulates an original and highly predictive theory of argument structure that accounts for a large number of syntactic phenomena. Home conferences acl proceedings acl 98coling 98 deriving the predicateargument structure for a free word order language. Introduction manyrecent studies have appealed to theideathat linguisticsystems aresubject to economy of structure or representation, e. Recent work in theoretical syntax has revealed the strong explanatory power of the notions of economy, competition, and optimization. Curriculum vitae may 2011 jane grimshaw citizenship education. Grimshaw 1993 and 1994 1 assumed an additional constraint, minimal projection. Sentence embedding predicates, factivity and subjects 1. The relational syntax and semantics of argument structure.
The role of lexical semantics in the acquisition of verb. The input for a verbal extended projection is a lexical head plus its argument structure and an. The main analytical focus is on passives, nominals, psychological predicates, and the theory of external arguments. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. This article argues that inversion of the subject and auxiliary in english matrix questions and elsewhere is the effect of a violable optimalitytheoretic constraint that requires head positions to be filled. Levin, beth and malka rappaport 1988 nonevent er nominals.
The problem it is generally held that while arguments can be obligatory or optional, depending upon the predicates which select them, adjuncts are always optional. The conventional view of argument structure is that a verb is given a set of arguments. First is the set of lexical heads to be organized into a syntactic structure. Pdf projection, heads, and optimality semantic scholar. For each lexical head the input provides an argument structure, and indicates the role.
In this paper we examine the role of events within a theory of lexical semantics. Projection, heads, and optimality rutgers university. Framebased constructional approach to argument structure. Construction grammar, frame semantics, framenet, adjunct, argument structure. The incompatibility of lexical derivation and postlexical. Grimshaw this is probably the question i am asked most frequently, and will take the most space to answer. Argument structure has two faces, semantic and syntactic.
Grimshaw 1990 also analyzes by as an argumentadjunct. This conception of argument structure as a lexical syntactic construct is common to many lexicalist theories of. Obligatory adjuncts and the structure of events it. Myers, scott 1984 zero derivation and inflection, in m. I thank jane grimshaw for discussing the basic analysis with me at its beginning stage. My view is that the input contains three important pieces of information. Jane barbara grimshaw born 1951 is a distinguished professor in the department of linguistics at rutgers universitynew brunswick. Geraldine legendre, jane grimshaw and sten vikner eds. Passivization involves changing of active sentences. A compositional variablefree passive a comprehensive.
As shown by grimshaw 1990, deverbal nouns do not form a homogeneous class. Transparent adjuncts canadian journal of linguistics. For example, in the argumentadjunct proposal of grimshaw. Peter coopmans, martin everaert and jane grimshaw eds, john benjamins. Background this special issue of linguistics represents the result of a german japanese research project. Deriving the predicateargument structure for a free word order language.
We show that the constraints governing the choice of light verb follow from a syntactic approach to argument structure, and that several interpretive differences between complex and simplex. According to her, while all verbs have an argument structure, not all nouns do. Deriving the predicateargument structure for a free word. We limit ourselves to those proposition embedding predicates that. The paper has benefited from the comments of participants in the research workshop in argument structure at the department of language and linguistics, university of essex, participants at the workshop on inflection, 8th morphology conference, vienna, 6th february, 1996, the audience at the linguistics association of great britain, spring 1997. Argument structure in russian deverbal nouns in nie problem. Building grammars entirely upon these elements, optimality theory syntax provides a theory of universal grammar with a formally precise and strongly restricted. The conventionalview of argument structure is that a verb is given a set of arguments and associated diacritics indicating how they are realized.
Grimshaw 1990 also discusses the argument structure of nouns. The theta roles of vcaus are represented as whole numbers 1, 2. When no other auxiliary is available, dosupport occurs to satisfy this constraint, resulting in the presence of an expletive verb. Only certain nominals, called process or complex event nominals have an argument structure args. Verbs, nouns and affixation artemis alexiadou and jane grimshaw. When a higherranked constraint prohibits inversion, no. It puts together an original and highly analytical supposition of argument structure that accounts for a. I wish to thank jane grimshaw, joe emonds, wendy wilkins, peter culicover, edwin williams, noam. One can find in literature at least three different hypothesis about what happens to arguments of a. Lexicality and argument structure stanford university.
The most comprehensive work on english nominalization to date is certainly jane grimshaw argument structure, 1990 who argues that deverbal nouns do not form a homogeneous class. The thematic hierarchy and causativity springerlink. Curriculum vitae may 2011 jane grimshaw citizenship. The prominence relations support a new theory of external arguments, with far reaching. Sentence embedding predicates in this paper, we examine the subjects that embedding predicates can take. The role of lexical semantics in the acquisition of verb argument structure. Jane grimshaw inspired my interest in the syntax, encouraged me, and helped me in so many ways.
The status of thematic relations in linguistic theory. Linguistic inquiry monograph 18, 19901, journal of semantics, volume 11, issue. Argument structure in linguistics is an interface between lexical syntax and lexical semantics. This paper investigates transformations of verbal argument structure occurring in the course of nominalization in russian. In the course of argument structure, jane grimshaw suggests that, contrary to the prevailing view, argument structure is in fact structured. Chapter 4 argument structure and case assigning properties. Projection, heads, and optimality jane grimshaw department of linguistics and center for cognitive science rutgers university. The massive literature which appeals to last resorts has several striking properties which suggest that the concept of a last resort lacks theoretical content in the absence of a theory of constraint. In many cases this means an argument that is present in thematic structure. They take obligatory complements, just like the verbs to which they are morphologically related. Argument structure is a contribution to linguistics at the interface between lexical syntax and lexical semantics. Pdf introduction operations on argument structure researchgate. Pranav anand jane grimshaw valentine hacquard uc santa cruz rutgers university umd 1.
I owe much to maria bittner, my thesis supervisor, for her expertise, patience and inspiration which made this thesis possible. She is known for her contributions to the areas of syntax, optimality theory, language acquisition, and lexical representation. As 1 illustrates, nouns such as examination are ambiguous between an event reading that supports argument structure as, and a nonevent reading that does not. Grimshaw, jane 1985 english wh constructions and the theory of grammar. Unlike other vp adjuncts, passive by does not need to type shift in order to combine with a passive verb.1315 1551 50 1279 85 484 413 157 157 1227 315 1628 542 643 985 80 606 1211 620 1561 33 1448 228 1609 1331 107 1031 1492 69 1463 453 1388 190