Crude oil a-level chemistry practical book

Crude oil and hydrocarbons worksheets teaching resources. In widening its vision also to incorporate a geological history of petroleum formation, presentday geopolitical and economic issues. Starting from the beginning of the use of crude oil as a source of energy, it shows its development to one of the main economic drivers of modern society. Since crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids, it is essential for production chemists to have. Crude oil chemistry vasily simanzhenkov by feliciadailey. The site was originally intended to meet the needs of uk a level chemistry students, but it has been widened over the years to cover material on all the ukbased syllabuses including a level, ib, scottish advanced highers and cambridge international.

The production, processing, and transportation of heavy crude oil hco is difficult because of its high viscosity. Aqa a level chemistry organic cheimistry fractional distillation and cracking note for gcse the two different types of cracking are not required. Most of the compounds in crude oil consist of molecules made up of hydrogen and carbon atoms only, we call these type of compounds hydrocarbons. The niger delta is made up of nine oil producing states and has an estimated population of about 20 million people, amounting to about 16. Handbook of industrial hydrocarbon processes sciencedirect. Chemistry crude oil this chemistry quiz is called chemistry crude oil and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at high school. Liquids boil liquidgas at their boiling point and start to condense gasliquid. Sheet 1 is a notes sheet which needs to be annotated during the lesson or using a textbook. It is formed from the remains of plants and animals which died millions of years ago. Authors website, with some amendments and additions to the text. The fractional distillation of crude oil resource rsc. Upward delivery is used to collect gases that are less dense than air. The bottom section is very hot while the top section is much colder. This factor, is used to convert the flow rate of oil at stock tank conditions to reservoir con.

The first stages in the processing of crude oil are described below. There are a number of sections, questions, assignments and practice questions that have been labelled stretch and challenge, which you should try to tackle if you are studying for alevel. Petroleum products in contrast to petrochemicals are those hydrocarbon fractions that are derived from. Feb 14, 2016 mix play all mix im stuck gcse and alevel revision youtube refinery crude oil distillation process complete full hd duration. Pk, so regularly visit this page for more and more chemistry books for free download. Btec level 3 national it student book 1 karen anderson, alan jarvis btec level 3 national business student book 2 catherine richards, rob dransfield btec level 3 national health and social care. Its also the source of the building blocks that todays molecular architects use for a wide range of useful chemical products that weve come to regard as vital to everyday life.

Model the industrial process of cracking larger hydrocarbons to produce smaller alkanes that can be converted into petrol. The bulb of the thermometer should be level with, or just below the sidearm. Oil 101 is a straightforward guide to oil and an essential read for anyone coming to grips with where oil prices, the economy and society are headed. Hydrocarbons from oil a2levellevelrevision, chemistry. Make sure you remember for your a level chemistry revision guide. A guidebook to mechanism in organic chemistry sixth edition by peter sykes. A level chemistry revision, a level biology, teaching chemistry, revision guides, good grades, textbook, cambridge, this book, this or that questions curriculum vitae cv samples and writing tips resume writing writing a book writing tips higher ed jobs curriculum vitae examples latin american literature international jobs university of. Distillation of a product from a reaction secondary. Practical chemistry activities are accompanied by our standard health and safety guidance. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. Unit 2 module 1 mock exam mark scheme past papers unit 2 jun 2009 mark scheme.

New gce aas level specifications in chemistry have been introduced for teaching from. Part of the hydrocarbon crude oil topic at science chemistry gcse. The chemistry of oil, therefore, holds one of the keys to understanding how petroleum originates. Demonstrate the diffusion that takes place in liquids using colourless crystals of lead. Resources and inspiration for practical work and demonstrations. Clarify the importance of keeping a lab book or other records of practical work. The following table shows the appropriate apparatus needed for the measurement of time, temperature, mass and volume used in experimental chemistry. The fractional distillation of crude oil learn chemistry the royal. The carbon atoms in these molecules are joined together in chains and rings. Oil income has historically provided about 95% of nigerias foreign exchange earnings. Review of alevel specification content edshare soton.

Jun 06, 2015 to prepare cyclohexene by the dehydration of cyclohexanol and to distil the cyclohexene from the reaction mixture. Organic chemistry is going to be your field of study. Choose from 500 different sets of chemistry aqa flashcards on quizlet. This experiment simulates the industrial fractional distillation of crude oil in the laboratory. Students need to appreciate that crude oil is a very complex mixture of. Crude oil cracking this chemistry quiz is called crude oil cracking and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at high school. Fractional distillation separates crude oil into fractions containing alkanes of similar boiling points. The majority of our fuels and plastics are derived from oil. Ensure your students get to grips with the core practicals and develop the skills needed to succeed with an.

Cracking practical gcse chemistry crude oil youtube. Transportation demands require that over 50% of the crude oil be converted into gasoline. This website and its content is subject to our terms and conditions. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. Proponents of the organic theory, on the other hand, suggest that most petroleum started out as plants and animals which were buried in the source rocks and then chemically altered into crude oil and gas. Crude oil chemistry vasily simanzhenkov download here. Gcse science chemistry 91 crude oil and hydrocarbons duration. The most basic concept in all of chemistry is the chemical bond.

We use your cookies to provide you the best user experience, to proceed you need to accept the usage of your cookies. This experiment simulates the industrial fractional distillation of crude oil in the. Crude oil contains a mixture of different hydrocarbon compounds that boil at different temperatures. Playing educational quizzes is a userfriendly way to learn if you are in the 9th or 10th grade aged 14 to 16. The specification in this catalogue, including limitation price, format, extent, number of illustrations and month of publication, was as accurate as possible at the time the catalogue was compiled. Addition of potential lab book suppliers in appendix 2.

For us students petrol is gas and paraffin is kerosene. Practical petroleum geochemistry for exploration and production provides readers with a single reference that addresses the principle concepts and applications of petroleum geochemistry used in finding, evaluating, and producing petroleum deposits. This book covers the requirements of as chemistry and the. O level chemistry oil refining crude oil crude oil, coal and natural gas are fossil fuels, formed millions of years ago from the remains of dead sea plants and animals, decayed under the sea beneath layers sand and mud, under the condition of high pressure, heat and lack of oxygen, these organic compounds turned into coal, crude oil and gas. For a reminder of what is meant by the terms mixture and compound see previous topic here. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

Crude oil and hydrocarbons crude oil, hydrocarbons and alkanes. A compound that only contains carbon and hydrogen elements hydrogen and carbon. The process of fractional distillation goes as follows. This comprehensive book by robinson and hsu will certainly become the standard text book for the oil refining business. Home specifications contact videos books extra resources. Offshore oil and gas activity is growing at an expansive rate and this musthave training guide covers the full spectrum including geology, types of platforms, exploration methods. Aqa chemistry combined science c9 crude oil and fuels. This is a bundle for c9 crude oil and fuels for my low attainment group. In the ball and stick models below, carbon atoms are black and hydrogen atoms are white. Crude oil chemistry 1st edition vasily simanzhenkov.

Sep 6, 2014 free download cie as and a level chemistry revision guide in pdf edited by david bevan and published by hodder education. Crude oil doesnt just provide us with the fuels to drive the world and its economy. Fractional distillation separates a mixture into a. Students from both edexcel and cie chemistry can use this website. Today, there are few reference books available on how petroleum geochemistry is applied in exploration and production written specifically for.

Oil formation volume factor is defined as the ratio of the volume of oil at reservoir insitu conditions to that at stock tank surface conditions. Useful on safety and practical considerations when carrying out experiments at home, plus which pieces of equipment you can substitute or improvise. Data were collected on students and teachers classroom experiences with the instructions, and students learning was assessed after the practicals. Hot crude oil over 300 oc is pumped in at the bottom. The crude oil is put through a tall tower known as a fractioning column. A quick reminder also appears at the bottom of this page.

Crude oil chemistry crc press book crude oil chemistry is foremost a scientifically exact guide to the full family of classical and modern analytical and process technologies in petroleum refining. The larger the hydrocarbon molecule the longer its carbonchain length, the higher its boiling point. Big booklet in order to teach useful products from crude oil for gcse chemistry with sow attached. In widening its vision also to incorporate a geological history of petroleum formation, presentday geopolitical and economic issues, and approaches to redress and improve the delicate ties between the petroleum. Jul 28, 2014 industrial fractional distillation of crude oil. And while on it, youll need best organic chemistry books you can get your hands on. Alkanes are the main constituent of crude oil, which is an important raw material for the chemical industry. Sheet 2 has a series of short tasks to assess understanding and test application of the key ideas. This affords the product with a level of purity very similar to the one obtained from method a. Design and evaluation of integrated instructions in. Crude oil chemistry is foremost a scientifically exact guide to the full family of classical and. Tes global ltd is registered in england company no 02017289 with its registered office at 26 red lion square london wc1r 4hq. Crude oil is a type of fossil fuel, made up of many hydrocarbo petrol, diesel, natural gas, oils for cosmetics, road tar and hydrogen and carbon.

This continuous fractional distillation of crude oil into different useful fractions and the removal of undesirable impurities is called refining or processing of petroleum, the different fractions, thus, obtained contain hydrocarbons of different chain lengths. In the crude oil and natural gas industry, great significance is attached, in particular, to the gas hydrates which form from water and the natural gas constituents methane, ethane, propane, isobutane, n butane, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide. Crude oil can be separated into different fractions using fractional distillation. The chemistry of oil explained by flood geology the. Practical advances in petroleum processing springerlink. Free download cie a level chemistry revision guide. Products from crude oil crude oil is described as a fossil fuel but it is much more important than that as many plastics have crude oil as a raw material.

Technology is the practical application of science to commerce or industry and is a multicomponent discipline which. Frequently repeated question answers from edexcel chemistry past papers is available. A profound science branch like it is, it will take you from the subatomic level to the search for cures of fatal illnesses. The aspirin product is not very soluble in water so the aspirin product will precipitate when water is added. The fractional distillation of crude oil learn chemistry nuffield.

Edexcel international asa level chemistry student book 1 y cliff curtis. A hydrocarbon that is saturated contains as much hydrogen as possible, which depends on the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. To meet this demand some petroleum fractions must be converted to gasoline. The source of nigerias wealth is the niger delta, a wetland of about 70,000 sq km. This is because molecules of a similar length have similar strength intermolecular forces, and the stronger the intermolecular forces the higher the temperature needed to make them boil. Although all fractions of petroleum find uses, the greatest demand is for gasoline. Crude oil is a mixture of a very large number of compounds. The fractions are separated by boiling point through a process called fractional distillation. In order to make it useful for a wide range of purposes, it undergoes fractional distillation where the different lengths of alkanes are separated. Then test the mixture for unsaturation with bromine water. Alevel chemistry text book 4th edition by eileen ramsden edexcel alevel chemistry student book 1 by graham curtis, andrew hunt and graham hill the mole student chemistry magazine available on the royal society of chemistry website new scientist magazine. First, crack the vapour of liquid paraffin by passing it over a heated catalyst to produce and collect a mixture of gaseous shortchain hydrocarbons.

Plants, ferns, trees, and algae formed peat which over millions of years turned into petroleum crude oil, natural gas, and coal. Guide to the practical use of chemicals in refineries and. Dec 05, 2017 aqa gcse chemistry worksheet for the organic chemistry topic. Crude oil and hydrocarbons crude oil, hydrocarbons and. Crude oil chemistry is foremost a scientifically exact guide to the full family of classical and modern analytical and process technologies in petroleum refining. This is carried out in oil refineries using giant fractionating columns also known as fractionating towers. In widening its vision also to incorporate a geological history of petroleum formation, presentday geopolitical and economic issues, and. Petroleum, or crude oil, is a naturally occurring liquid that originates from the carboniferous period about 200 to 400 million years ago. Separation, purification and identification of the components. This book is intended for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, containing mainly alkanes. Metallurgy and corrosion control in oil and gas production. Crude oil is the untouched oil as it comes out of the ground. Fractional distillation of crude oil gcse secondary.

Well update this list time to time as we share more chemistry books on chemistry. Useful products from crude oil gcse chemistry teaching. Since acetic acid is very soluble in water, it is easily separated from the aspirin product. Heat a known mass of two metals to produce their oxides and determine their relative atomic masses. Aqa gcse chemistry 8462 required practical activity 8 analysis and purification of water samples from different sources, including ph, dissolved solids and distillation. Solids such as sand are separated from the impure crude oil by filtration. An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils. Useful products from crude oil crude oil is a fossil fuel, formed from the decay of sea creatures over millions of years.

In oil 101, downey provides the facts one needs to understand oil, from its history and chemistry, to refining, finished products, storage, transportation, alternatives, and how prices are determined every day in global wholesale oil markets and. As level chemistry chemistry classes ronald reagan h. Crude oil cannot be used directly but it is the source of many useful products. Melting point apparatus varies in type from the most simple using an oil bath to the more. Dai has published more than 200 papers and two books, and has applied for more than 30 patents. His career spans more than fifty years of teaching and research work on oil production chemistry. Practical work in reformed alevel biology, chemistry and physics. For practical applications, information on the rheological behavior of hco plays an important role, especially in flow assurance investigations.

Book aimed at homeeducators and those interested in doing serious home chemistry, but pitched at roughly alevel standard. Cracking hydrocarbons in liquid paraffin with a catalyst. A hydrocarbon that is saturated contains as much hydrogen as possible, which depends on the number of carbon atoms. Alkanes are also used as fuels and the environmental consequences of this use are considered in this section. Igcse and ial chemistry is a website which provides free igcse chemistry notes, a level chemistry notes, and chemistry revision guide. Calculate the error percentage in comparison to the book value. She is a fellow of the chinese petroleum society and a member of the society of petroleum engineers. In organic chemistry, the terms saturated or unsaturated have nothing to do with water, although there is a connection. In this work, six different imidazolium ionic liquids ils were tested for their effects on the rheological behavior of hco under high. The aspirin isolated in this step is the crude product. Crude oil fractional distillation gcse chemistry youtube. What is the volume correction factor as applied to crude. Practical petroleum geochemistry for exploration and.

Igcse and ial chemistry igcse chemistry notes, a level. Handbook of offshore oil and gas operations is an authoritative source providing extensive uptodate coverage of the technology used in the exploration, drilling, production, and operations in an offshore setting. One barrel of crude petroleum contains only 3040% gasoline. Alevel chemistry chelsea independent college alevel. The very longest alkanes have the strongest intermolecular forces and so dont boil, but exit the column at the bottom. Production chemistry issues result from changes in well stream fluids, both liquid and gaseous, during processing.

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