In this book we provide two proofs of the above theorem, which, while quite. I therefore tried to present a logically coherent introduction to the. The mapping class group is connected to many areas of mathematics, including complex analysis, dynamics, algebraic geometry, algebraic topology, geometric topology particularly in the study of 3 and 4dimensional spaces, and group theory. After submitting the form, you can download the pdf of the filled application form.
The spelling of a given word is unique, since equality of sequences requires equality of each term in the sequence. While there are some weaker versions still open, we are interested in a geometric reformulation of. Geometric group theory is the art of studying groups without using algebra. Feb 2020 saintjacutdelamer, france young geometric group theory ix. Announcements about postdocphdfaculty positions related to geometric group theory may also be sent to the list. Jan 2020 cuernavaca, mexico winter school on cremona groups, geometric topology and algebraic geometry. Geometric group theory refers to the study of discrete groups using tools from topology, geometry, dynamics and analysis. The gersten conjecture says that a group being hyperbolic is equivalent to having no baumslagsolitar subgroups. Dec 2019 varanasi, india finsler geometry and applications. Lectures on geometric group theory cornelia drutu and michael kapovich. Geometric group theory is really a collection of things put together by a state of. These \geometric properties come in the form of quasiisometry invariants. Hull 1 introduction one of the main themes of geometric group theory is to study a nitely generated group gin terms of the geometric properties of the cayley graph of g.
Therefore, thinking of a word as the product of elements in a group could be erroneous. Geometry and group theory abstract inthiscourse, wedevelopthebasicnotionsofmanifoldsandgeometry, withapplications in physics, and also we develop the basic notions of. Geometric group theory is the study of finitely generated groups via the geometry of their associated cayley graphs. Geometric group theory is the study of groups and spaces via these connections. The articles in these two volumes arose from papers given at the 1991 international symposium on geometric group theory, and they represent some of the latest thinking in this area.
This vibrant subject, which formed a separate identity sometime in the late 1980s, has two main strands. The core material of the book should be accessible to third year students. On the other hand, geometric group theory has numerous applications to problems in classical elds. Introduction to geometric group theory notes from course given by dick canary, fall 2014. We note that the small cancellation theory over hyperbolic groups yields an attractive version of the rips construction. Geometric group theory attacks these problems from a geometric viewpoint, either by viewing groups as geometric objects, or by finding suitable geometric objects a group acts on. Our goal this semester is to look as some speci c quasi. An introduction to geometric group theory pristina matthieu dussaule mars 2017 this is a eight hours course that i gave at the university of pristina. Finitely generated groups g with an action by isometries on a real hyperbolic space hn which is.
Pdf topics in geometric group theory chicago lectures. The second class of examples of isometric actions whose origin lies in functional. On the one hand, geometric group theory is an interesting theory combining aspects of di erent elds of mathematics in a cunning way. This wide area may be defined as the study of those groups that are defined by their action on a combinatorial or geometric object, in the spirit of kleins programme. Algorithmic problems in the combinatorial group theory. Lectures on geometric group theory uc davis mathematics. The key idea in geometric group theory is to study groups by endowing them. Geometric group theory, hyperbolic dynamics and symplectic geometry are young and rapidly developing fields of mathematics. This volume assembles research papers in geometric and combinatorial group theory.
This book is written for students who are studying nite group representation theory beyond the level of a rst course in abstract algebra. If a nitely generated group has polynomial growth then contains a nilpotent subgroup of nite index. We will introduce the basic notions of geometric group theory. A great deal of recent energy in geometric group theory has focussed on finding surface subgroups in various classes of groups of geometrical interest, especially wordhyperbolic groups.
Geometric group theory lives between algebra and topology group theory is the study of groups, which weve seen a few times before, and geometric means that well be looking at shapes. The field of geometric group theory emerged from gromovs insight that even mathematical objects such as groups, which are defined completely in algebraic terms, can be profitably viewed as geometric objects and studied with geometric techniques contemporary geometric group theory has broadened its scope considerably, but retains this basic philosophy of reformulating in geometric terms. The geometric group theory page provides information and resources about geometric group theory and lowdimensional topology, although the links sometimes stray into neighboring fields. This first volume contains contributions from many of the worlds leading figures in this field, and their contributions demonstrate the many interesting facets of. In the first part of our work, we extend the definition of hyperplanes from cat0 cube complexes, and we show that the geometry of a quasimedian graph essentially reduces to. Large facing tuples and a strengthened sector lemma. Pdf a course on geometric group theory semantic scholar. It includes two long survey articles, one on proofs of the farrelljones conjectures, and the other on ends of spaces and groups. Pdf this article is a survey article on geometric group theory from the point of view of a nonexpert who likes geometric group theory and uses it in. The field is evolving very rapidly and the present volume provides an introduction to and overview of various topics which have played critical roles in this evolution.
Pdf visual group theory download full pdf book download. This applies to many groups naturally appearing in topology, geometry, and algebra, such as fundamental groups of manifolds, groups of matrices with integer coefficients, etc. If there is torsion in the homology these representations require something other than ordinary character theory to be understood. The key idea in geometric group theory is to study infinite groups by endowing them with a metric and treating them as geometric spaces. This graph, called a cayley graph of the group, is not only a neat visualisation of the group, but is also an invaluable tool in modern group theory, since the geometric properties of this graph are profoundly connected to the grouptheoretic properties of the group. Geometric group theory we already strayed into geometric group theory in the previous section. Mitra shows that for each vertex group v inclusion v. Interactions between geometry, dynamics and group theory.
This page is meant to help students, scholars, and interested laypersons orient themselves to. The audience consisted of fourth year students, graduate students as well as several staff members. Examples 1 an abelian group is nilpotent of class 1. They constituted a course entitled an introduction to geometric group theory totalling about 20 hours. From the dowload pdf tab on right hand side application form will not be sent through email. A mailing list for announcements of various geometric group theory events, such as conferences, seminars excluding regular weekly seminars, workshops, summer schools, special programs, etc. It is certainly not an encyclopedic treatment of geometric group theory, but hopefully it will prepare and encourage the reader to take the next step and learn more advanced aspects of geometric group theory. Geometric group theory ggt for short uses geometrictopological methods and ideas to come to conclusions about groups associated with shapes. A surface group is the fundamental group of a closed surface of nonpositive euler characteristic. Pdf geometric group theory, hyperbolic dynamics and.
Geometric group theory preliminary version under revision. It turns out that the essence of the geometry of such groups is captured in the key notion of quasiisometry, a largescale version of isometry whose invariants include growth types, curvature conditions, boundary constructions. Free groups theory books download ebooks online textbooks. The first idea is made precise by means of the cayley graph, whose vertices correspond to group elements and edges correspond to right multiplication in the group. Topics in geometric group theory 3 where each s i 2sand a i 1 or 0, with a 6 0.
The goal of this book is to present several central topics in geometric group theory, primarily related to the large scale geometry of infinite groups and spaces on which such groups act, and to illustrate them with fundamental theorems such as gromovs theorem on groups of polynomial growth. This a paradigmatic result in geometric group theory. Part iv topics in geometric group theory dexter chua. The purpose of this thesis is to introduce these graphs in geometric group theory. This book presents articles at the interface of two active areas of research. Let g be the rank 2 free abelian group with the generating set s s1,s2. Contents 1 introduction 2 2 free groups 5 3 presentations 12 3. The class of quasimedian graphs is a generalisation of median graphs, or equivalently of cat0 cube complexes. Office hours with a geometric group theorist takes students on a journey from a standard mathematical education into the realm of active and lively research, encouraging them to jump right into the thick of the subject by teaching them the basics in a nononsense, efficient, and pleasant way. Swarup suppose g is a hyperbolic group which is a graph of hyperbolic groups such that all edge to vertex inclusions are quasiisometric embeddings. This should be thought of as simply a piece of notation. These notes are based on a series of lectures i gave at the tokyo institute of technology from april to july 2005. This book is an introduction into geometric group theory.1388 94 1443 284 900 345 325 112 843 613 1248 904 158 463 1142 761 1421 105 210 476 1328 32 1070 640 228 1286 857 1443 662 286 191 8 687 621 185 187 1414 88 376 320 805 1460 1022 70 684